It has been shown that doing yoga regularly may improve the health of your cardiovascular system. According to the findings of recent research conducted by PGIMER in Chandigarh, individuals who had recently adopted the practice of yoga as part of their daily life saw a rise in good lipids (HDL) and a reduction in bad lipids (LDL) after practising yoga for one month. In addition to this, the findings demonstrated that one may reach their full potential for benefiting from asanas by the age of 35.
This is the first study that PGIMER has conducted on the Common Yoga Protocol (CYP), and it has been evaluated by other researchers. The article, which was published in this month’s issue of the journal Frontiers in Public Health and titled “Yoga as a Preventive Intervention for Cardiovascular Diseases and Associated Comorbidities,” was written by researchers from India.
The purpose of the open-label, single-arm research that was carried out was to evaluate the efficacy of CYP, which is a module developed by the Ministry of AYUSH and does not belong to any specific yoga school. This is a consensus procedure that was developed following a round of conversations using the Delphi method that included all of the main schools of yoga in India. The discussions were prompted by research data. On the International Day of Yoga, all participants, regardless of age or gender, are encouraged to follow the AYUSH yoga routine, which comes highly recommended by the government. This module lasts for forty-five minutes and covers all components of Ashtanga yoga. It serves as a foundational framework for further practices, advancements, and specializations.
The influence of CYP on physiological, biochemical, and neuro-cognitive parameters was investigated in this research, according to Professor Akshay Anand, who is also in head of the CCRYN Yoga Centre at the PGI and was one of the key scientists on the project. The potential of CYP may be evaluated as a cost-effective way to make changes to one’s lifestyle in order to reduce the risk of acquiring cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This research also aimed to analyze the impact of yogic practices on different age groups and genders, as well as to determine whether or not participating in a yoga practice for a period of one month helped to improve the state of dyslipidemia. In addition to this, we wanted to determine whether or not practicing yoga may substantially alter the physiological and biochemical characteristics of both inexperienced and experienced participants,” he continues.
Professor Anand is of the opinion that more fundamental research needs to be conducted on yoga in order for it to be incorporated into the prevention and management of various lifestyle disorders such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cancer. Yoga encompasses a variety of postures and breathing techniques, as well as meditation.
The authors of this study conducted a trial in which they examined the impact of CYP at baseline and after a month. A total of 374 people who were new to yoga participated in the CYP and were guided through their practice by seasoned instructors. Before and after the intervention, several physiological indicators (such as body mass index or BMI, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation), biochemical indices (such as fasting blood glucose and lipid profile), and neurocognitive factors were evaluated and assessed. Researchers have analyzed the chemicals angiogenin, VEGF, and BDNF in the past. These are the substances that play a role in the development of new vessels and the protection of neurons.
According to Professor Anand, the findings demonstrate that one month of yogic practice led to a rise in the levels of the “good lipid” HDL and a reduction in the levels of the “bad lipid” LDL among first-time yoga practitioners. The findings also indicated a correlation with the age of the person and demonstrated that an individual may gain the most possible advantages from yogic practices at the age of 35, which is when the majority of metabolic change takes place in the body.
“Further evidence from our study demonstrates that women are more receptive to the benefits of yoga. Our research, however, does not offer evidence of a causal relationship between the protective function of female hormones and the practices of yoga. Comorbid patients showed a slower recovery from dyslipidemia situations, which suggests that yoga practices have a significant amount of promise as preventative medication for cardiovascular disease and related comorbidities. This group had previously shown that angiogenin levels are also dramatically changed in the CYP Yoga-practising group; as a result, the present results have a foundation to rest on. According to Professor Anand, angiogenin plays a role in the development of new blood vessels and provides neuroprotection in conjunction with brain-derived nerve growth factors.
His co-authors Natasha Sayal and Kaushal Sharma add that on day 30 of the yoga practice, serum levels of Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL), Total Cholesterol (TC), and High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) had significantly improved as compared to the baseline levels observed at the time of enrollment. This was observed when the participants were enrolled in the study. In a similar vein, it was shown that the lipid profiles of experienced yoga instructors and newcomers to the practice were considerably distinct from one another. When the findings of healthy yoga novices were compared to those of beginners who were experiencing medical concerns, it was discovered that the healthy group had a considerable improvement in their cholesterol profile as opposed to the sick group (hypertension, diabetes, underwent surgery, and CVD).
The visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Chandigarh, during which a huge number of people queued up to receive tickets to practise yoga for one month at the Capitol Complex, was the source of inspiration for the research, according to Prof. Anand. This resulted in an increase in the sample size of yoga debutantes, which was made possible thanks to the active cooperation of the Chandigarh government. Scientists from other countries may have found it difficult to recruit and analyze yoga debutantes due to the small sample size. “The study article was approved after going through an extremely rigorous international peer review as well as 25 revisions. According to the findings of our study, CYP was successful in enhancing the primary metabolic and physiological processes that were affected by the yoga intervention group. Those who were unfamiliar with yoga but healthy exhibited more improvement than participants who were unfamiliar with yoga but had comorbidities. According to Professor Anand, the findings of these comparisons suggest that practicing yoga might be beneficial for the maintenance of positive health indicators.